이름 or 단체명
Riverside School Prague
[Group 2] 4. 질 좋은 교육 5. 성평등 6. 물과 위생
The importance of wastewater treatment and hygiene education / How does the condition of water affect people living in the rural areas of Indonesia?
SDGs : Clean water and sanitation
Water is one of the most essential substances that we need to survive and function our bodies, and thus we thoroughly take care of it in order to produce the cleanest water that wouldn’t affect our health. Water is used in various aspects of our lives, for instance washing ourselves, cleaning, cooking food, and drinking. However, there are still a lot of people in the world who do not have access to clean water for these usages. According to the statistics of the United Nations, 2.2 billion people lack safely managed drinking water, and 4.2 billion people lack safely managed sanitation. 1 This equals to 28.2% and 53.8% of the world population respectively, which indicates that a great proportion of people are at risk of losing their health – the constant use of contaminated water results in higher risk of diarrhea, skin and respiratory infections, and especially for children, stunting and undernutrition.
However, countries that do not have the infrastructure to purify and supply water to all households cannot protect their nations from water-related diseases. Lack of education and knowledge about hygiene aggravates the situation. Among many countries with these issues, the rural areas in Indonesia are having concerning conditions of water and low awareness regarding personal hygiene, which is the reason I chose to investigate more about this region in depth.
This report explores how the condition of water relates to the treatment of wastewater in the rural areas in Indonesia and its impacts on people’s health. Also, it examines possible and sustainable solutions of this issue.