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이름 or 단체명

소나무

출신 학교

Seoul Global High School

SDGs 그룹

[Group 4] 10. 불평등 완화 11. 지속가능한 도시 12. 지속가능한 소비/생산

포럼 주제/소주제

Measures to Building a Sustainable Society Based on the Principles of the Green New Deal / In the aspect of reducing inequalities, sustainable cities and communities, and responsible consumption and production

초록

SDGs : SDGs Group 4

The world has entered a period of global crisis- social polarization, climate change, and unsustainable growth. We identified the issue to be aligned with the past generation’s governance systems, which had systematic errors that eventually resulted in a vertically integrated and polarized social structure. The widespread use of fossil fuels, while bringing many economic benefits, has deepened the environmental crisis. In the wake of this matter, we recognized the Green New Deal as a potential solution to growing a sustainable society. In order to reduce inequalities that resulted from the second industrial revolution, we called for a new societal infrastructure that is transparent, distributed and open. These goals can be reached with the utilization of the Internet of Things, which can provide individuals with various resources at a low cost, regardless of his or her environment. In the case of building a sustainable community, we identified three pillars that institute a city: transport, buildings, and agriculture. Decarbonizing these three pillars in the aspect of the Green New Deal can be materialized through the employment of various technologies such as the IoT and renewable energy sources. Lastly, responsible consumption and production can be reached with the employment of Socially Responsible Investing (SRI). Moreover, when the government is in the process of designating firms that will participate in building sustainable infrastructure, it must utilize criteria regarding the principles of ESG (Environment, Society, and Governance).

포럼발표
  • 화연
    화연
    2021년 3월 20일 at 11:56 오후

    I am Hwayeon Ko from the German School Prague. I really enjoyed watching your presentation and reading your paper! However, there is a question that I would like to ask you. You have mentioned that a third industrial revolution is needed in order to prevent further climate change ramifications, and create a sustainable society. Does the system of the Internet of Things then only encourage communities and cities in developing/developed countries or also LEDCs? This thought has just popped into my mind that underdeveloped countries might feel excluded from this global development, and as a result, result in further inequality between the rich and the poor countries.

    • jharli
      정현지
      2021년 3월 21일 at 10:10 오후

      While we acknowledge the price of implementing IoT devices may be an impediment for LEDCs, we should also bear in mind the high potentials of the technology sector. In the future, due to technological innovation, IoT devices will be more affordable and accessible to all countries regardless of their economic status. For example, smartphones, which at the beginning of its development, were only obtainable for only a fixed number of consumers. However, it soon became one of the most widely distributed devices worldwide. Similarly, we expect IoT technology to become installed more extensively in the near future. Furthermore, remote sensors with the basis of IoT are being utilized by farmers in LEDCs. As an example, in Rwanda these devices played an important part in raising agricultural productivity. In addition, “smart” thermometers are employed by medical professionals in Haiti, and they have proven to help in tracking the delivery and storage of vaccines.

  • 에이프릴
    최윤하
    2021년 3월 22일 at 6:47 오후

    Hello, I am Yoon Ha Choi from Yonsei University. First of all, thank you for the insightful paper and presentation! I had a question regarding the context of your essay. Despite the widespread distribution of smartphones and the Internet, there are still parts of the world, namely LEDCs, where the population is not fully equipped with this kind of technology. Even if devices were to become more affordable, I am still concerned with the cultural lag that may prevail amongst these areas. Does your solution of utilizing IoT take into consideration the fact that even with easier access to technology, the people who will actually be using the devices might not be able to fully utilize them?

    • Yewon
      장예원
      2021년 3월 24일 at 12:11 오전

      Hello, thank you for your comment! To answer your question, it is our belief that, through the materialization of appropriate processes and abundant resources, the IoT and smart-grid system can be utilized more efficiently in LEDCs than in developed countries. This is because, in developed countries, which already have well-established societal frameworks, IoT needs to be adapted to these systems, and therefore it may take a longer time and more capital to install IoT networking to the society. On the other hand, LEDCs, which have less already-existing resources compared to developed countries, bringing in IoT and utilizing the system to society can take less effort. To sum up, while there are possibilities of cultural lags regarding IoT due to gaps among different states, the IoT is a relatively newly introduced system and is only at the beginning phase. Therefore, all societies, regardless of their economy, have only begun to learn to adapt to the new network, and in some aspects, LEDCs can be seen as a better society for the IoT to adapt in.
      In addition, we believe that it is irrelevant to assume that people in LEDCs will obviously find difficulties in dealing with the IoT network. This is because, as we elaborated above, the IoT is a relatively new system that everyone is new to. Therefore, setting aside age and disabilities, everyone will be learning to adapt to it, and difficulties within that process- while it may vary among individuals- will exist for all people from all countries.

  • Doyeon
    김도연
    2021년 3월 22일 at 11:22 오후

    Your paper was very clear, concise, and contained many good points. I only have one concern regarding the ‘reduced inequalities’ section. You mentioned that due to the widespread distribution of smartphones and the internet, anyone can access websites and data easily. Yet only about 48% of the world population owns a smartphone (2021) and considering that not everyone has the ability to skillfully use this device (such as the elderly and the disabled), the distribution of IoT may possibly further deepen inequality existing in the world today. Those who are able to gain access to such resources and data through IoT will thrive while those who are not able to do so will fall behind. What is your solution or thoughts on this? Is there a plan for digital education?

    • Yewon
      장예원
      2021년 3월 24일 at 12:10 오전

      Hello! Thank you for your feedback on our work 🙂
      Below is our answer to your question!
      According to the ITU(International Telecommunication Union), the Internet of Things is “a global infrastructure for the information society, enabling advanced services by interconnecting (physical and virtual) things based on existing and evolving interoperable information and communication technologies.” As you may understand from the definition of IoT above, the IoT and smart grid are simply a network to make the lives of mankind more green and convenient. Therefore, there won’t be any situations where someone has to “use” the system, but the system will blend into our lives as infrastructure and be a part of our lives. In this aspect, the IoT may even assist disadvantaged people and improve their quality of life.

  • 나나미
    나카이 나나미
    2021년 3월 28일 at 7:31 오후

    Hello,We are keonguk student council team2. Thank you for your great presentation. You noticed that New York City would make the public building go green. For example, we have LED lightings; is that what you meant? If you can explain in detail, please do so.
    Thank you.

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