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이름 or 단체명

신율

출신 학교

Westfields International School

SDGs 그룹

[Group 6] 16. 평화/정의/제도 17. 파트너쉽

포럼 주제/소주제

TEARS FOR JUSTICE / President Duterte’s Drug War Against Innocents

초록

SDGs : 평화, 정의, 제도

“War on Drugs” is an anti-drug policy launched by the Philippine President, Rodrigo Duterte that begun in 2016. Since then, it has resulted in a bloodbath of thousands of lives. Almost always, the deaths come from the poorest areas of the country where police and unidentified gunmen target drug suspects with “little or no evidence.” On top of that, the fatalities not only include the lives of drug suspects but also innocent children, as well as human activists and journalists who criticized Duterte’s policy. The purpose of this paper is to analyze and discuss the implications of the “War on Drugs,” and present a pragmatic recommendation to alleviate this issue. To answer this question, I collected reliable data from various web sources whilst International Amnesty serving as the paper’s biggest reference point. The results of the research listed several complications of the “Drug War” which is often “hidden” or “unknown” by the international community. This paper emphasizes the need of the Philippines to undertake compelling measures, with the assistance of international organizations to reduce the fear and intimidation experienced by civilians, terminate false evidence to justify killings, carry out proper investigations for “all” drug-related killings, bring justice to victimized families, and ultimately put an end to the “War on Drugs.”

Keywords: Drug War, Philippines, bloodbath, drug suspects, fear, false evidence, justice

포럼발표
  • 수빈
    박수빈
    2021년 3월 23일 at 9:54 오후

    안녕하세요 신율 님,

    그룹 6에서 아동 포르노 학대를 연구한 개인 참가자 박수빈이라고 합니다. 해당 저널에서 다루신 ‘War on Drug’ 라는 주제는 굉장히 신선했습니다. 특히 현재 필리핀에서 문제가 되고 있는 마약과 빈곤층에 관한 상관 관계와 더불어 진행되고 있는 필리핀 정부의 정책 분석에 있어서 굉장히 다양한 정보를 접할 수 있었습니다. 더하여 단순히 마약에 그치지 않고 아동, 폭력 범죄 등 광범위한 분야에 배경을 두고 저널를 진행하신 점은 신율 님의 심도 높은 연구를 맛볼 수 있었습니다. 마지막 결론 부분에서 언급하신 국제기관들이 나아가야 할 방향 역시 극히 공감하는 바입니다. 다만 유엔에서 실시해야 할 정책들에 대해 “Use al available instruments to urge the philippines government” 혹은 “pay particular attention on the Philippines” 등 다소 추상적인 해결책을 제시 하셨는데 이부분에 관해서 보다 자세한 설명을 듣고자 합니다. 만약 필리핀 정부를 상대로 문제 해결을 촉진시키고자 한다면 국제기구에서 과연 어떤 특정 전략을 내세우는 게 적절할지, 만약 신율 님이 제시한 전략이 이미 적용된 해외 사례가 있는 지에 관해 부연 설명 부탁드립니다. 감사합니다.

  • 윤세라
    윤세라
    2021년 3월 25일 at 8:58 오전

    Warm greetings, Shin Yool!

    This is Sera Yun, one of the mentors at this year’s UN SDGs Youth Future Policy Forum. Thank you very much for your wonderfully prepared presentation and paper, they did a great job in laying out the general landscape of the current ‘War on Drugs’ in the Philippines under Duterte and the harms that arise out of his extrajudicial killings based on a good set of statistics and anecdotal evidence. I was particularly impressed by how you categorized the solutions to be targeted to different stakeholders, given that this issue is truly complex and multi-faceted hence requires varied approaches from different entities. This topic hits quite close to home for me, because I myself also grew up in the Philippines and lived there for a long time before returning to Korea.

    Having said that, I have two questions that I would like to ask:
    1. When there is a clash between what the international community deems to be just vs. national sovereignty (i.e. a nation’s right not to be interfered in its internal state affairs by outside forces), such as the case of Duterte’s ‘War on Drugs’, what do you believe is an effective yet realistic approach from the international community to try to resolve/improve the issue?

    2. Despite fostering fear and intimidation across the country through the ‘War on Drugs’ and other activities that entail it, what may be some of the reasons that President Duterte’s approval ratings in the Philippines remain so high and firm? How do these reasons affect the feasibility of your solutions?

    I would be delighted to continue this discussion with you, so please leave your comments or questions if need be. Great work once again, and thank you! 🙂

  • 샬롯
    박규리
    2021년 3월 25일 at 10:37 오후

    Hello, this is Kyu lee Park from TAT. This was an impactful presentation but I would just like to clarify one point.
    – The Philippines is quite known for having a rampant number of hired killers due to the poverty that plagues the nation. When you mentioned unidentified armed persons, do you have any sources that prove that these killers were hired by government officials under the directive of the President?
    Amnesty International may have claimed it, but if they haven’t provided with any existing evidence, how can this be taken as the truth? Please elaborate.

    • 티파니
      신율
      2021년 3월 28일 at 11:01 오후

      Hello:)) To answer your question, there is existing factual evidences in the reports and documents presented by International Amnesty as well as articles released by other organizations and news media companies. Thank you for your question!

  • Yewon
    장예원
    2021년 3월 28일 at 12:19 오후

    Hello! We are Yewon Chang and Hyunji Jung from Seoul Global High School. Before getting to the main point, we thank you for your insightful research and presentation on President Duerte’s policy of the War on Drugs. We wholeheartedly agree that the Phillipines’ status quo regarding the policy is unjust and poses a great danger to the well-being of innocent civilians, especially those who are socially neglected. However, we would like to ask if your suggestion regarding the assistance of international organizations is realistically and etically appropriate. The paper claimed that international organizations should play a bigger part in stabilizing the country by “reducing the fear and intimidation experienced by civilians, terminating false evidence to justify killings, carrying out proper investigations for ‘all’ drug-related killings, bringing justice to victimized families.” All of these are political actions that have been yielded to the state’s government by its people, not international organizations. In the current situation, the world is in a state of international anarchy, and therefore there can be no state or other political actor that stands above another country- in other words, in this state of international anarchy, in which even international organizations such as the United Nations cannot exercise superior power over a sovereign state, international interference in a nation is difficult. In addition, there are concerns over morality and ethics when it comes to an international organization’s involvement in national affairs. While we acknowledge the severity of the humanitarian crisis that results from President Duerte’s War on Drugs policy, we also believe that one must not ignore and neglect the implications of the entrenchment of national sovereignty. What are your stances regarding this, and, if possible, are there some examples from past international political affairs that can support your perspective?
    Thank you:)

  • harris
    Harris
    2021년 3월 28일 at 5:17 오후

    Hi, my name is Harris Park and I go to Ernest Manning High School in Canada. I completely agree with you that the war on drugs in the Philippines is a huge problem and should be ended immediately for many reasons. The solutions you provided will help citizens restore faith in their government and police and will bring peace to the country. It will prevent countless crimes caused by drug dealers, hired killers and police. However, what solution do you plan to put in place that will prevent illegal drug use in the Phillippines after ceasing the war on drugs? President Rodrigo Duterte must have declared a war on drugs because there was a great number of crimes caused by drug use. Continuing the war on drugs is definitely not the answer, but wouldn’t drug use increase if the war on drugs was ended? Even after the government announced a war on drugs, individuals still continued to commit terrible crimes and moreover, many police committed unthinkable crimes as well. What type of solutions will make these people stop committing crimes?

  • huh?
    허서윤
    2021년 3월 28일 at 5:19 오후

    안녕하세요! 그룹 4에 참가하고 있는 허서윤이라고 합니다.
    This essay somehow made me ponder about Korea during the 1980s, when the police, instead of protecting the citizens, violated their trust and safety. However, I do have a few questions.
    1. It was a bit vague when you explained that the common characteristics of countries that experienced the war on drugs is that they are considered “poor.” It would be great if you could explain the reason behind your opinion!
    2. .It seems like many victims experienced even more negative effects as the police stole their belongings. How would you solve their economic state and compensate for their loss?
    3. The police are the ones protecting the citizens. How would we differentiate those who hurt the victims and the ones who truly protected the people? Are their any laws that can punish the police who violated the people’s safety?

    Again, thank you so much for this essay! I truly enjoyed it 🙂

  • Elina
    권나현
    2021년 3월 28일 at 9:34 오후

    Thank you so much for your presentation. It was really impactful.

  • Ubin
    최우빈
    2021년 3월 28일 at 11:10 오후

    안녕하세요 신율님
    저희는 건국고교 학생회2입니다. I was very impressed with the video. However, I leave a message because I was curious about something while watching the video. According to the video, the president of the Philippines is not likely to be cooperative even if an organization like the United Nations warns, and citizens are also afraid to speak out, so do you have any thoughts on how to fix this problem? And is there any way to change the corrupt perception of the police?

  • gongmap
    gongmap
    2021년 3월 29일 at 5:35 오후

    Hello 율, I am Kristin from Team STICKS. Thank you for your impactful presentation that began with a hook of highlighting essential terms.

    Your presentation begins with an introduction to the Philippines and its war against drugs. The audience is aware that this war used to be considered adequate but resulted in fatalities. Striking the audience with a rhetorical question, you ask, “How many more victims can you imagine?” Considering the harms that you have expressed, the audience could easily sympathize with the victims. You continue by stating the characteristics of victims and explain why this is a problem. For instance, most victims live in more impoverished areas where most shooters target. The impact you give when you state there is a connection between the victims and the “watch list” that are just assumptions that create reasons for justification when attacking people who were mere “suspects.”

    An apparent problem in this process was identified: rewards for killing from authoritative figures like the police. The point is that police are not conducting their roles and are falsifying evidence, giving up on investigations, and disregarding interviews of victims or the victims’ family members. All of this was just allowed to happen for some weird reason. In a situation where it would probably make sense for the police to be punished or even murdered, human rights defenders and children were killed. So, what is the solution? Your points are clear: 1) too many deaths were that of the innocent, 2) the police were guilty of a crime, but nothing happened, and 3) because of the unfortunate reality, a fear existed towards the police and other authoritative figures. However, all of this seems to have no connection to drugs. In this drug war, there was so much impact made. Drugs and the drug war seemingly have no cause or correlation in the whole situation. So, could you possibly expand on the effects of the DRUGS in the DRUG WAR that led to these tragic incidences?

    The presentation is ended on an abrupt note, stating that unlawful killings should be corrected to achieve sustainable development goal number 16. How would this happen? Unlawful killings SHOULD be rectified, but the problem is HOW? There was sufficient evidence about the severity of the fatalities resulting from the drug war. However, it seemed that this piece’s primary purpose was to criticize officials’ current actions and inform the seriousness of this issue instead of presenting a solution. Is there a reason why there was less emphasis on these HOWs? (For instance, it is reasonable to infer that there are not enough examples of effort to consider this area. Then, why has there been little effort? What are the boundaries that prevent a solution from being implemented?) If the Philippines not being aware of this problem, the biggest trigger, it would be possible and practical to connect this topic to SDG 17: Partnership; if the Philippines can not address this issue, how would you suggest other countries do? How can other countries support those facing the casualties from the “War on Drugs?” In the end, what was most important, was not elaborated enough upon, and the audience is at something similar to a cliffhanger. There is a problem; we know it is a problem, we know what to do, but how would we do it?

    For instance, as someone who has studied inter-communal violence in Sub-Saharan regions, solid building institutions should be solved first. The availability of stable institutions helps to recognize the link between development and peace and justice. Additionally, things like disarmament are essential because it is responsible for building the future. Youth play a significant role in helping and providing a faster route to disarmament. Acts like these can more rapidly show leadership, and value dividers would become equal. Although this is a very vague example, some ways that, perhaps, teenagers can help for disarmament is endless. For instance, start a club, facilitate a discussion, express themselves, host a film screening, voice their opinions, create an event, or plan a presentation. Generally, I was glad that I could learn more about what was presented in your artifact and its significance for the 16th SDG. As we all have comprehended by now, SDGs are meant to be universal, comprehensive, and inclusive. As we strive to grow to become closer to these adjectives, I believe that your presentation must have, in any way, allowed people to become more aware of the problems that occur in our world today.

    Please take no offense; your presentation was articulate and exciting.

    Anticipating a constructive debate 🙂

    Kristin 님의 글작성 에러로 인해 요청(3월27일)으로 청소년미래정책포럼 운영위원회에서 업로드 합니다.

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