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이름 or 단체명

지서영

출신 학교

Saint Paul Daechi International School

SDGs 그룹

[Group 2] 4. 질 좋은 교육 5. 성평등 6. 물과 위생

포럼 주제/소주제

Gender Inequality in South Sudan for Education / Gender Equality in South Sudan can be Achieved through Support from the Government and by Social changes

초록

SDGs : SDGs 그룹2 ( 5.성평등 )

Women in South Sudan are currently being mistreated and are discriminated against. The lack of education for women is leading into child marriage and going against those to be silenced. Politics have to aim to investigate into supporting education at a higher rate as well as ending the social tradition of gender roles.

포럼발표
  • 이하윤
    이하윤
    2021년 3월 21일 at 12:03 오전

    Hello, I`m Hayoon Lee from Wuxi Korean School.
    I would like to ask you if you have a ‘detailed’ policy idea to solve women education problem in South Sudan?

    • Seoyng
      지서영
      2021년 3월 28일 at 5:13 오후

      Hello Hayoon. The policies I believe that should be enforced are basically categorized into these three

      1. Increase of government budget on education (Can be used to build more facilities, increase the quality of the facility, and hire more teachers, transportation)

      2. Support families that face difficulties sending young girls to schools (Financial aid, supply of uniform/school materials)

      3. Work with foreign countries and NGOs (can be donation funds, volunteered workers for schools, educating and raising awareness in gender discrimination issues, applying educational systems… etc)

  • harris
    Harris
    2021년 3월 22일 at 2:46 오전

    Hi, my name is Harris and I go to Ernest Mannin High School in Canada. I enjoyed watching your presentation and completely agree with you that the education of women is crucial to the future of gender inequality in South Sudan. Men dominate the educational, business, and political sectors of society in Sudan, which is why women’s voices can not be heard. Education of women would help support women’s rights in the future. However, according to an article form “Gender Concerns International”, there are already laws that guarantee equality between both genders. It also states in the transitional constitution of South Sudan that all levels of the government in Southern Sudan shall promote women´s participation in public life and their representation in the legislative and executive organs to redress imbalances created by history, customs and traditions. Despite these laws in place, gender inequality still ensues. Instead of creating more new laws, shouldn’t more effort be put into improving and enforcing the current laws? Furthermore, I believe there are many other factors that contribute to gender inequality in South Sudan, like extreme poverty, ongoing conflicts, low medical attention, and schools being too far away. Would the solution that you proposed resolve all of these other factors?

    • Seoyng
      지서영
      2021년 3월 23일 at 3:16 오후

      Hi Harris thank you for your time. Yes it is true gender equality laws have been enforced after South Sudan’s independence. However like you have stated, even with these policies discrimination is still a major problem. The reason I believed that education was a very important factor to encouraging equality was because of the ongoing traditions. No matter what the law states, the stereotypes and the role of a “women” is very fixed in the society. Not to mention that South Sudan’s government is very unstable and incapable of enforcing strong laws. Young girls are not given a chance of even learning what they are capable of doing. Without education, evening out the proportion of male dominance would be impossible. So yes, I believe that when the percentage of the labor forces increase, the economy would grow naturally. 42% of the population in South Sudan are women and with that statistics, increase of attribution in labor of women would be a game changer. Only 49.54% of women were involved in the labor force in 2019 while 75.18% of men were involved . With better economy, budgets available for education would increase resulting improvement in school facilities and increase the number of schools. (The last budget that was recorded was in 2018, which has been decreased by 0.2% from the previous budget.) Low medical attention is an ongoing problem due to the lack of medical resources and the incredibly low amount of doctors available per person. These could also be fixed by promoting education so more people could take part in the medical field, and also would be improved by increase of budgets .

      • Seoyng
        지서영
        2021년 3월 23일 at 3:57 오후

        Hi Harris thank you for your time. Yes it is true gender equality laws have been enforced after South Sudan’s independence. However like you have stated, even with these policies discrimination is still a major problem. The reason I believed that education was a very important factor to encouraging equality was because of the ongoing traditions. No matter what the law states, the stereotypes and the role of a “women” is very fixed in society. Young girls are not given a chance of even learning what they are capable of doing. Without education, evening out the proportion of male dominance would be impossible. So yes, I believe that when the percentage of the labor force increases, the economy would grow naturally. 42% of the population in South Sudan are women and with that statistics, increase of attribution in labor of women would be a game changer. Only 49.54% of women were involved in the labor force in 2019 while 75.18% of men were involved . With a better economy, budgets available for education would increase resulting improvement in school facilities and increase the number of schools. (The last budget that was recorded was in 2018, which has been decreased by 0.2% from the previous budget.) Low medical attention is an ongoing problem due to the lack of medical resources and the incredibly low amount of doctors available per person. These could be fixed by promoting education so more people could take part in the medical field, and also would be improved by an increase of budgets . Not to mention that South Sudan’s government

  • sybae
    배수연
    2021년 3월 22일 at 2:23 오후

    Hi, my name is Suyeon Bae, attending KMLA. Our team SYD also is from this platform yet we focused on education rather than gender equality. Which leaves me wondering just how much you think can be done by educating women. Education is yes, one of the most important things in order to tackle this issue. But the reason why women were not able to receive equal rights is not necessarily rooted in education. For example, South Sudan’s political policies etc are the reason why women are so ignored. How do you think centuries of tradition and history be changed?

    • Seoyng
      지서영
      2021년 3월 23일 at 1:45 오후

      Hi thank you for your question. Actually, South Sudan’s policies and laws that discriminate against women have been changed. The law states “Women shall be accorded full and equal dignity of the person with men. Women shall have the right to equal pay for equal work and other related benefits with men. Women shall have the right to participate equally with men in public life.. etc” Even so, the society lacks on the concept of gender equality since no one is empowered to speak out. The majority of girls cannot attend school meaning the majority is not aware of how they are supposed to be treated equally. This is why I believe that education is important. In order to enforce the new gender policies, giving women a chance to be educated and supporting them to be able to be independent is very valid.

  • 화연
    화연
    2021년 3월 24일 at 3:48 오전

    Hello, I am Hwayeon Ko from Group 1! Thank you for your presentation and your paper! I really got to see the need of fighting for women’s rights in South Sudan. There are some questions that I would still like to ask you. On page six of your essay, you have mentioned that “bride price” is a tradition passed down to generations in South Sudan. Even though it is viewed as a very discriminating tradition against women, I believe that there are still women in South Sudan that do not consider this as an act against women’s rights. Do you believe that this perception would still be rooted in the minds of African women (since it has been a long-preserved tradition) even after the government of South Sudan introduce an adequate education system? Secondly, what kind of plans do you think international organizations or other countries could propose in order to encourage the government of South Sudan to increase their state’s wealth contribution in education (reference to page seven)?

    • Seoyng
      지서영
      2021년 3월 28일 at 6:10 오후

      Hello Hwayeon ! Thank you for your comment! First of all, yes I do believe there are some women in South Sudan that still do believe bride price is a very valid tradition that should be kept. However, most of the brides we see today are very against the idea of forced marriage. Most brides that are sold are young girls that their parents cannot look after or afford them due to financial problems. The age varies but the average age for a girl to be married in Sudan is around 10-16 which is very young. Most are forced to be married because of their family and cannot go against the will of their parents since they are considered a property of the family. Also most men are typically way older than the bride-maid which is very disturbing to the majority. Secondly, I believe many actions could be taken but the most efficient solution would be to increase the government with financials to increase the educational budget in general. With enough budget my first and second campaign would be possible.

      1. Increase of government budget on education (Can be used to build more facilities, increase the quality of the facility, and hire more teachers, transportation)

      2. Support families that face difficulties sending young girls to schools (Financial aid, supply of uniform/school materials)

      Apart from the donations my third campaign explains what other actions could be taken by foreign countries and organizations.

      3. Work with foreign countries and NGOs (can be donation funds, volunteered workers for schools, educating and raising awareness in gender discrimination issues, applying educational systems… etc)

  • 수빈
    박수빈
    2021년 3월 24일 at 12:13 오후

    안녕하세요 서영 님,

    그룹 6에서 아동 포르노 학대를 연구한 개인 참가자 박수빈이라고 합니다. 성차별 문제에 대하여 South Sudan이라는 특정 국가를 배경으로 연구를 진행하신 점은 굉장히 제 이목을 이끌었습니다. 이에 관련하여 해당 국가에 대한 간단한 역사적 배경을 설명하신 부분 역시 해당 문제점에 간접적으로 파악할 수 있는 좋은 자료였습니다. 다만 제안해주신 솔루션에 부분에 있어 “the government has to increase its rate of economic support in education” 혹은 “raise awareness about new concepts of equality”라고 언급하신 부분은 상당히 추상적인 제안이 아니었나 하는 개인적인 생각입니다. 따라서 서영 님이 고려하시는 특정한 정책 혹은 캠페인이 있다면 무엇인지 부연 설명 부탁드립니다. 혹시 관련 선례가 있다면 이 또한 제시해 주시길 바랍니다.

    • Seoyng
      지서영
      2021년 3월 28일 at 5:58 오후

      안녕하세요 수진님 의견 감사합니다.

      우선 South Sudan은 작년에 6년 만의 내전이 끝난 나라이기에 굉장히 불안정한 나라입니다. 경제적이고 정서적인 부분에서 굉장히 부족하기에 교육적인 부분에는 굉장히 취약한 것이 당연하다고 생각하지만 국가에서 교육을 위해 쓰이는 예산 부족이 많은 문제점들의 요소인 것 같아 “the government has to increase it’s rate of economic support”이라는 설루션을 제안하였습니다. 첫 번째로 나라 예산이 많이 부족한 것은 맞지만, 내전이 끝났기에 military budget의 부분을 교육을 위해 쓰거나 이제는 불필요한 예산들을 교육에 기울이는 것이 중요하다고 생각했습니다 (예: People’s defense force) 이러함으로써 제 캠페인의 첫 번째와 두 번째 항목들을 충분히 충족시킬 수 있다고 생각한 것입니다.

      1. Increase of government budget on education (Can be used to build more facilities, increase the quality of the facility, and hire more teachers, transportation)

      2. Support families that face difficulties sending young girls to schools (Financial aid, supply of uniform/school materials)

      “Raise awareness of the new concept of equality”는 추상적일지라도 사회의 남녀의 자리가 명확하게 구분되어 있는 South Sudan에서는 중요하다고 생각했습니다. 이게 제3번째 캠페인으로 외국 NGO 들과 협력하여 장기간 교육 프로그램들과 여러 가지 기부활동을 병행하면 South Sudan의 사회에 큰 영향을 끼칠 것 같다 생각하였습니다.

      (3. Work with foreign countries and NGOs (can be donation funds, volunteered workers for schools, educating and raising awareness in gender discrimination issues, applying educational systems… etc))

      국가와 시민들의 소통이 불가능하여 새 법 항목들이 추가되어도 전통으로 내려오는 풍습과 문화를 사라지게 하기에는 타국 NGO 들과 다소 새로운 남녀평등이라는 발상을 조금 더 쉽게 노출시킬 것이라고 생각합니다. 감사합니다.

  • 샬롯
    박규리
    2021년 3월 25일 at 12:51 오전

    Hello, this is Kyu lee Park from TAT.
    There have been various different movements and laws to raise women’s right in several countries; most of them did not turn out exactly effective or revolutionary. With this, how can you assure that the solutions that were mentioned in 3:17 of your video will help give better results to the women of Sudan? Furthermore, in what ways do you think the active support on these solutions shift the perspectives of majority of the people in Sudan who are known to think highly of men compared to women?

    • Seoyng
      지서영
      2021년 3월 28일 at 6:28 오후

      Hello Kyu lee ! Thank you for your comment. First of all, I believe that my solutions would be effective since South Sudan’s politics are unstable and are struggling in poverty. Even within these difficulties, South Sudan is working towards recovering women’s rights through law and this can be proved by the fact it has joined the United Nations in 2017. South Sudan has signed the Geneva conventions which established human rights such as “Women shall have the right to equal pay for equal work and other related benefits with men. Women shall have the right to participate equally with men in public life.” Due to the ongoing civil war until the last February, not much could be established but they have definitely made some process such as the Borgen project in which plans to build 25 girl-friendly schools in the most disadvantaged regions. However, due to the limited budget the government holds, major improvements are very difficult to be made. Also, answering the other second half of the question, active support would definitely impact the way on how people view male dominance since with the proof of women being capable to learn and be independent, the society would start supporting the idea of girls attending school. Currently, since the country is struggling with poverty, they need extra hands to work during the day. Following the tradition, naturally girls have to stay home and look after the children, help mothers, or are sent to marry someone. Without the struggle of finance, more girls would be able to apply to schools instead. This would shift society’s opinion on what the girls’ role are. Apart for the the economics, enforcing laws and protection would make people realize that equality is a mandatory issue. Without strong law enforcement, it is difficult for the people to move on from their stereotypes since they do not know if a deed is wrong. Thank you !

      • 황지원
        황지원
        2021년 3월 28일 at 8:55 오후

        Hello, this is TAT. I really appreciate for your kind reply! It helped me to understand a lot.

  • 논
    요시야마논
    2021년 3월 26일 at 3:30 오후

    Hello. We are Keonguk student council team 1.
    It was great and nice to watch your video as we searched in the quite similar sphere and we emphasized a lot. I totally agree with your point that there is nothing without education.
    In the video, you mentioned that financial aid must be implemented by the government; but there are many difficulties and it has not happened yet.
    To begin education, we think that it is crucial to start with getting out of poverty.
    One of the ways is to be supported by other countries. Here’s our first question; what do you say to rely on other countries with finance?
    Another question is why do you think we still struggle to get married women’s rights protected by law? Even though the international law in terms of women has been changing, there is not enough law. All we have is just like violence or sexual abuse is forbbidden but not forbidden to married women. Is there any solution that you think?

    • Seoyng
      지서영
      2021년 3월 28일 at 5:34 오후

      Hello Keonguk student council team 1.
      Thank you for your comment. First of all, I do agree with relying on other countries with finance. I have actually mentioned working with foreign NGOs as one of the solutions in my essay. Apart from that, to answer the second part of the question, the most that can be done in South Sudan is to probably enforce stronger punishments and to change social views. South Sudan is still a very struggling country meaning that laws are not very effective, nor strong. Most cases are not heard from court and even if the case is reported, punishments are easy to get away with. Adding additional laws could be effective like suggested , but I personally believe enforcing the law there already are is the priority. South Sudan actually has it’s official law that states “Women shall be accorded full and equal dignity of the person with men. Women shall have the right to equal pay for equal work and other related benefits with men. Women shall have the right to participate equally with men in public life.. etc” However, according to the statistics that have been recorded, the majority tend to not be able to seek help from the law due to financials and the lack of evidence. Also, the the way society views marriage is the main factor women’s right after marriage cannot be guaranteed. Marriage means obeying and “belonging” to the husband. Women are trained to support their husbands and grow up hearing these things that the majority does not think of this as a wrong deed. To add on, marriage victims are not educated enough to speak out about these matters which is why I strongly believe education is important to empower women.

  • Holla
    김희준
    2021년 3월 28일 at 1:51 오전

    Hello, I’m Kim Hee Jun, the mentor of SDGs group 2.
    I carefully examined the presentation and materials you prepared.
    You developed the discussion by specifying the analysis target. It is an imposing approach.

    My questions are

    1. I wonder why you chose Sudan as the subject of analysis among many countries.

    2. The proposed solution is too superficial. It’s hard to get the point across. Can you give me an additional explanation?

    I’ll be waiting for your answer. Thank you.

    • Seoyng
      지서영
      2021년 3월 28일 at 5:05 오후

      `Hi thank you for your response. First of all, I focused on South Sudan because I have always been interested with their country. Sudan has been in a civil war until the February of 2020 for six years. Because of it’s independence after a long period of time I have been interested in how the county has developed as it’s own. It also relates back to my background since Korea is still on an ongoing civil war. My solution to the problem I identified was to create an overall system that would increase social awareness which would result in a better protection of women. I have thought the main reason for the countries lacking women rights was the fact the majority did not realize that they had an opportunity to fight for equality. The reason behind the country’s aspect in gender rights vary but it is true nothing is guaranteed as a women in South Sudan. These factors include their tradition, which plays a very important role in their society and the weak punishments that are given towards those who victimize women. 65% percent of the women and girls have experienced sexual violence due to the research done by the UNited Nations children’s agency in 2019. During the war sexual violence was even used as a military strategies being very normalized. Due to the unstable government, court cases relating to sex crimes are barely heard in South Sudan. This holds back the country developing as a better nation. Because gender discrimination is a negative impact on every aspect of the country, it takes a part in almost all problems the country faces. To improve the basic lifestyle and to break free of how the government responds to social issues, I have thought about how Korea could break away from poverty very quickly after the long years of violence. As we all know, South Korea does not have a lot of natural recourses which is obvious of how much we have utilized trading and worked on high quality technology. Furthermore, I believe education has played a very important role on the rapid increase of GDP and made gender roles shallow. Therefore, providing more younger generation girls go to school would be very effective long term. Having even rates of education wold provide quality chances of women succeeding in life and gaining independence in the society. This would slowly but surely change the perspectives of the society naturally changing how people react to sexual assault and crimes. Thank you for reading !

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