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이름 or 단체명

최문성

출신 학교

Learning Links Academy

SDGs 그룹

[Group 1] 1. 빈곤퇴치 2. 기아퇴치 3. 건강과 복지

포럼 주제/소주제

Eradicating poverty, hunger and improving health and welfare

초록

SDGs :  group1

포럼발표
  • Jacob
    황보준
    2021년 3월 20일 at 11:09 오전

    thank you for your greet response~~

    • Leo
      최문성
      2021년 3월 20일 at 12:38 오후

      I didn’t write a specific policy or program since any program you can possibly think of was done or been considered by others working in the UN and most was ineffective. But looking at what they’ve done until now world poverty rate has decreased from 36% (1990) to 9.2% (2020) in 30 years. As we help the UN and UNDP in maybe 20~40 years we can completely eradicate poverty. :>

      • Leo
        최문성
        2021년 3월 20일 at 8:23 오후

        To add, I believe implementing national training/employment program in the country would be a very effective solution. There actually are many helping programs; with the aids from both the private and public organizations but many citizens still refuse to sit in to learn new skills and knowledges for they believe that helping their family by doing different labors, spending their efforts in the farms, selling in the streets or in the worst scenario, doing illegal activities are more beneficial than ‘wasting’ their time and energy in learning. in this case, i believe it is the governments role to let these citizens understand the value of education and independence from continuous aids.
        Another solution would be continuous development of local specialties. I believe by putting innovations and new ideas to create and market local specialties would help the poverty-stricken individuals to earn good profits and at the same time spread the beauty and culture of one’s own province and/or country.

    • Leo
      최문성
      2021년 3월 22일 at 2:30 오후

      your welcome 🙂

  • 수빈
    박수빈
    2021년 3월 23일 at 11:57 오전

    안녕하세요 문성 님,

    그룹 6에서 아동 포르노 학대를 연구한 개인 참가자 박수빈이라고 합니다. 영양 실조 및 영양 결핍 등 기아의 근본 원인에 대한 강조와 설명은 설득력이 있었고, 더불어 이상적인 정책 설계에 있어 신선한 관점을 맛 볼 수 있었습니다. 이와 관련하여 해당 저널에 캐나다의 의료 시스템을 직접 언급 하신 부분 또한 상당히 흥미로웠습니다. 결론에서 국가의 전반적인 보조와 지속적인 관심을 강조하는 다소 추상적인 방향성을 제시하셨는데
    해당 기아 문제의 구체적인 솔루션 제시에 대해 더욱 논의하고 싶습니다 . 만약 제시해주신 솔루션이 이미 적용되고 있는 사례가 있다면 이 또한 부연설명 부탁드립니다.

  • 초
    김초하
    2021년 3월 23일 at 6:41 오후

    Great analysis. I see that overcoming poverty entails fundamental change. I would like to see more analysis and justification on how and why understanding poverty could be an ultimate solution to reduce poverty.

  • 황지원
    황지원
    2021년 3월 24일 at 1:37 오전

    Hello, this is Jiwon Hwang in team TAT. It was great that your presentation included lots of notions about poverty.
    My guess is that in countries where poverty does not provide any basic economic foundation, there will be difficulties in achieving industrial and technological development as you mentioned. For example, in Africa or Southeast Asian countries, there are so many nations that are supported by international aid organizations, what solutions would you like to offer to those countries first for their economic development?

    • Leo
      최문성
      2021년 3월 25일 at 11:26 오전

      Good day. International aid organization and fund raisings are present to help those countries that are not able provide its citizens the basic economic foundation, healthcare, education or environmental welfare, etc.,. Therefore, to make sure the economy of a community and/or country develop, I believe what we need here is good use of the aids from different organizations and money of the country. Today, money is essential for one to develop and change. I am not stating that the country must be dependent with the aids from other countries and organizations but for the country to plan ahead and use those aids to its advantage so that in the future, the economy of the country would be able to sustain and develop independently which would then create employment and generate reasonable income for the people. I believe it is important for organizations to make sure they create a timeline while signing on a contract to make sure the country or community know what it’s doing and is sure to develop. It is also important to have strong connection between the citizens – the local community and organizations for that is one of the factor that can strengthen implementation of the timeline and would lead to efficient savings, uses of aids/funds, and generally improve the outcome and sustainability of the citizens and the community/country. The goal here is to support the development of these struggling countries to restructure the lives and livelihoods to hopefully eradicate poverty and unemployment.

      • Leo
        최문성
        2021년 3월 25일 at 11:27 오전

        With a reasonable requirements and timeline to create a guideline, I believe these countries may be able to develop and sustain themselves.

  • 루피
    강기연
    2021년 3월 25일 at 2:52 오전

    Hello! I think the solution is abstract, so I want you to be more specific about this part. As a representative, in ‘ways to reduce poverty’ part, you suggested that the solution is ‘developing and implementing rapid and sustained economic growth policies’. Can you give us more information on what these economic growth policies are? If you can explain the other solutions more, please clarify them.

    • Leo
      최문성
      2021년 3월 26일 at 9:45 오전

      The policies to increase economic growth are focused on trying to increase aggregate demand or increase aggregate supply. For the Demand side policies include: Fiscal policies(cutting taxes/increasing government spending) and Monetary policy(cutting interest rates). For the supply side policies include: free market policies( privatization, deregulation, tax cuts, free trade arrangements) and improved education and training, improved infrastructure.(interventionist supply side policies). So the demand side policies are important during a recession of economic stagnation while the supply side are relevant for improving the long run growth in productivity. Hope this answered you question! :>

  • 논
    요시야마논
    2021년 3월 25일 at 4:34 오후

    Hello. We are Keonguk student council team 1.
    I’ve watched your video.
    Poverty was one of our main problems to solve. What we aim is children in poverty to be independent. As we imagined to rely on other countries, your idea that people in developing countries do not have to rely on other countries sounds an attractive solution to us. Therefore, I wonder what we can do as high schoolers. Do you have any specific idea?

    • Leo
      최문성
      2021년 3월 26일 at 9:33 오전

      Good day. I have few ideas in mind. So more often than not, poor people lack the resources and financial means for educating their children and are often hard pressed to afford stuff like uniforms and stationery items. For them, education really is an unaffordable luxury. But a little effort from students can help them afford that luxury. Students at highschools, universities or college can get together and create a pool with their pocket money dedicated to helping such households afford education and related expenses for their children. If you are still thinking about your budgetary constraints, you can always find a way to help the poor with education from within the comfort of your house. You and your friends can schedule some time to teach poor children from the neighborhood who otherwise cannot afford education. You can also teach and educate people working at your house, like maids, servants, domestic help etc. If all else seems undoable, you can surely help the children of your helpers to understand the coursework they are taught at their individual schools. Another way we can help is to gather our friends to sponsor a child’s education. Say a fee of Rs 2,000 for a child divided among 10 friends would hardly dent the budget of those students. However, it could be the difference between a lifetime of poverty and a shot at a better life for someone in need.

  • juice
    김태환
    2021년 3월 25일 at 9:51 오후

    Hello
    I’d like to begin with saying that my team and I were impressed by your report and video. Your analysis on world hunger and its causes were grand. That said, I have a few inquiries of my own.
    In your conclusion, you take a rather passive stance on solving world hunger by stating that if we follow the plans we have right now, we could, at some point, solve world hunger. However, considering the fact that SDGs and MDGs have been around for a considerable amount of time, such passive stances might not be the way to work this out. If we were to make changes or approach this problem with a more aggressive manner, what could we change? I believe a proposal of new policies or comment on what we could be doing different would have significantly enhanced your report. It is still a great piece of writing, nonetheless.
    All the best,
    Tae Hwan Kim, STICKS, ICS

  • 양서윤
    양서윤
    2021년 3월 27일 at 12:30 오전

    Hello! This is Seoyun from TAT. It was a wonderful and remarkable report and presentation.
    I am pretty convinced with the point that poverty and world hunger is worldwide issue since this problem is still perpetuating. However, I have some questions for you to consider.

    Initially, I have seen that you proposed the implementation of rapid and sustained economic growth policies for the solution of poverty as well as fundamental social services. What are some examples that are being resumed contemporarily? And are there some possible policies that you think should be progressed right away? I want to hear your opinion about this point.

    Furthermore, I want to hear your personal thoughts of gathering and persuading entire nations to resolve the world hunger problem unanimously. How could this be achieved either in long term or right away?

    Sincerely, Seoyun from TAT. Thanks for your presentation and report!

    • Leo
      최문성
      2021년 3월 28일 at 3:17 오후

      Good day. One example of a policy being used right now is the fiscal policy. Fiscal policy is often used together with monetary policy, which in the United states, is set by the Federal Reserve to influence the direction of the economy and meet economic goals. Fiscal policy is paramount to successful economic management since taxes, spending, inflation, and employment all factor into gross domestic product. My opinions for the possible policies that can be progressed are:
      1. Improved macroeconomic conditions (create stable economic climate of low inflation and positive economic growth)
      2. Free market supply-side policies – privatization, deregulation, lower taxes, less regulation to stimulate private sector investment.
      3. Government interventionist supply-side policies – increased spending on ‘public goods’ such as education, public transport and healthcare.
      We can establish unity in a community/country by creating a goal or mission and vision statements for a community/country that may let the citizens willingly take action to achieve and work together. The most important concept is national and social identity. By making sure the citizens value and be reminded of their culture and history, it is quite easy to create a connecting points and come together as a whole to solve problems and work to create a better community/country. Division of labor, reasonable rewards an benefits, sense of nationalism and holistic views and awareness on different aspects, be it interdependence of the people, resources and ideas.

  • Tommy
    Tommy Park
    2021년 3월 27일 at 7:56 오전

    Thank you for your presentation. In your video, you have listed many possible ways of reducing poverty. To be specific, one of the examples were to give access to basic social services. However, not all countries will have the ability nor the access to these programs that offer their citizens this. How are some of the ways developing or struggling countries can help reduce their poverty rates if they simply do not have the resources? In addition, when you said to provide many with technology and innovation. As we know, that is not free and need to be purchased. How would this be possible when they cannot even buy food to survive like you mentioned? Another option is for the government to provide public areas, however, the country lacks the capability to do that. Thank you.

    • Leo
      최문성
      2021년 3월 28일 at 1:36 오후

      Good day. Improving the well-being of the world’s poor enables them to break the cycle of poverty. Providing a greater home environment and adequate nutrition fosters the success of children in school and of adults in training, which boosts their economic position. In an increasingly data-driven world, developing countries can greatly improve their data on poverty, and by doing so, clearly identify where the poorest citizens live and what their exact needs are. In this way, they can allocate their resources effectively. Crucial improvements include the monitoring of different facets of poverty other than income, while encompassing more dimensions to the problem. There is much work to be done to resolve the unfortunate effects of poverty. However, solving the persistent problem requires striking straight to the roots. Collaboration between international organizations, governments and other groups, updating and improving data as well as providing basic needs are all must-do’s in the fight against poverty reduction in poor countries. For your second question, isn’t that why the countries whom can’t provide for its citizens are given or provided aids/resources from other countries? As I answered in previous questions, what we need here is the good use of aids from other countries and to make sure the community/country does not become dependent to the aids – creating a timeline and future plan to make sure the aids/resources are put to proper use.

  • harris
    Harris
    2021년 3월 28일 at 8:40 오전

    Hi, my name is Harris Park and I go to Ernest Manning High School in Canada. First of all, I enjoyed going through your presentation and I liked how you talked about all three problems of SDGs 1, poverty, world hunger and health and welfare. I also agree with the majority of the solutions you have provided. However, personally, I believe the solutions are vague and shallow. Firstly, for the solutions for poverty, you suggested providing all people with access to basic social services like healthcare, education and shelter, and technology and innovation like internet access and energy. How will these solutions be implemented and how will financial aspects be dealt with? Secondly, for solutions to world hunger, you mentioned countries could get food and money donated from other countries. As difficult as our current situation is right now, countries may not be as willing to donate money to others. Are there other alternatives in the case that countries don’t donate food or money? Last but not least, you stated high birth rates are a problem in eradicating the problem of world hunger. This may solve the short term problem of world hunger, but in the long run, I believe it will deem to become more of a problem than it originally was. A low birth rate means that fewer people are being born in this generation which means there will be less workforce in the future. This will bring down the country’s economy and possibly bring back world hunger and even start unnecessary and new problems. What are your opinions on these?

    • Leo
      최문성
      2021년 3월 28일 at 8:54 오후

      Good day. Some of the examples are what are already being used against poverty. As you know poverty has its roots deep inside our countries so to eradicate them we would need money. This financial aspect can be dealt by asking the nations for money and in return we can eradicate poverty from one place to the other. another way is to raise funds. Secondly, Hunger largely contributes to many underdeveloped countries’ educational gaps. Rural farmers experience the highest rates of undernutrition. Three-quarters of the world’s hungry live in rural areas. Most are low-income farmers whose lands are plagued by frequent natural disasters, making them one of the world’s most vulnerable populations. So educating them should be first. Lastly, high birthrate. So high birthrate in the countries are one of the problems contributing to world hunger, but that really doesn’t mean we have to reduce the birthrate of that country. As I’ve stated education might just be a key to everything. :> sorry for late reply.

  • huh?
    허서윤
    2021년 3월 28일 at 5:58 오후

    Hello, my name is Seoyoon Huh and I am participating in Group 4.
    It is a pleasure to be able to share with you through this forum.
    I have question, though: you said that hunger leads to poverty, but I was not able to clearly understand it. I think it would be better if you provide you statement with examples!
    Also, many countries who are struggling with national poverty-often developing countries- are having problems in solving poverty due to lack of money. How would you complement this problem?

    • Leo
      최문성
      2021년 3월 28일 at 6:30 오후

      Good day. I have gotten a similar question earlier. Improving the well-being of the world’s poor enables them to break the cycle of poverty. Providing a greater home environment and adequate nutrition fosters the success of children in school and of adults in training, which boosts their economic position. In an increasingly data-driven world, developing countries can greatly improve their data on poverty, and by doing so, clearly identify where the poorest citizens live and what their exact needs are. In this way, they can allocate their resources effectively. Crucial improvements include the monitoring of different facets of poverty other than income, while encompassing more dimensions to the problem. There is much work to be done to resolve the unfortunate effects of poverty. However, solving the persistent problem requires striking straight to the roots. Collaboration between international organizations, governments and other groups, updating and improving data as well as providing basic needs are all must-do’s in the fight against poverty reduction in poor countries. For your second question, isn’t that why the countries whom can’t provide for its citizens are given or provided aids/resources from other countries? As I answered in previous questions, what we need here is the good use of aids from other countries and to make sure the community/country does not become dependent to the aids – creating a timeline and future plan to make sure the aids/resources are put to proper use.

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