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이름 or 단체명

홍예진

출신 학교

Lancers International School

SDGs 그룹

[Group 2] 4. 질 좋은 교육 5. 성평등 6. 물과 위생

포럼 주제/소주제

GENDER EQUALITY / Gender equality for everyone

초록

SDGs : Group 2 ( 질 좋은 교육, 성 평등, 물과 위생 중 성 평등 선택 )

 

< Gender Equality for Everyone >

The aim of this report is to recognize the seriousness about gender discrimination and find out solutions to make a gender equal society. This report is necessary for our future since gender equality is related to all 17 SDGs for the 2030 agenda.

In order to write this report, I searched a number of websites about researches and the results about gender equality. Furthermore, reading articles and watching videos were also helpful in adding data about this topic.

By this research, the significance of gender parity got clear. The graphs and data accurately identify what advances and policies are needed in which countries since the rate of gender equality is different in countries.

The researches were conduct by utilizing a variety of measurements and indicators. From all of the results established by proved associations, it could be concluded that gender equality will be an advantage for the world in many fields. The economy of a country, the performance of companies and even the society in the Covid19 pandemic showed improvement as they get closer to gender equality.

포럼발표
  • 박새미
    박소현
    2021년 3월 20일 at 12:45 오후

    Hello this is Sohyeon Park from WKS.

    I would like to question you if you have further evidence that gender equality is the direct reason for the GDP increases in certain European countries, as you mentioned about at 2:15 in your video?

    • 예진
      홍예진
      2021년 3월 22일 at 7:12 오후

      Thank you for kindly asking your doubts. To begin with, as you can see in the video from 00:51, the OCED has shown that improvements in gender equality in employment have contributed to economic growth in the Nordic countries. To specify, promoting women’s employment and hours can help boost labor supply. More labors who are qualified to work will be able to increase the productive capacity of the country. Furthermore, making better use of the increasingly-well-educated female talent pool and improving job match can help deliver productivity gains. You can find more details in this link which is the summary about the OECD’s report “Is the Last Mile the Longest? Economic Gains from Gender Equality in Nordic Countries” http://www.oecd.org/els/emp/last-mile-longest-gender-nordic-countries-brief.pdf
      Thank you!

  • 김하언
    김하언
    2021년 3월 20일 at 5:50 오후

    Hello, My name is Haeon Kim(Erica) from Boston International School in china. I have a question about women’s politics. How can this affect to the gender inequality. And what’s the solution for gender inequality in politics?

  • sybae
    배수연
    2021년 3월 22일 at 2:19 오후

    First of all, congratulations on your take on how to achieve gender equality. My name is Suyeon Bae from team SYD, KMLA. You managed to pinpoint a lot of problems regarding women and their stance in politics. However, it leaves me curious as to how we can actually tackle this rather broad problem? How would you work towards solving such an issue?

    • 예진
      홍예진
      2021년 3월 22일 at 7:40 오후

      Thank you for asking your doubts. Indeed, gender equality is a huge issue that the whole world has to face. Gender inequality can be seen in our daily lives and the vast majority of the people seems to have stereotypes about gender. It is not their fault of having a fixed mindset. Gender inequality was there from the society where our ancestors lived. However, now, people acknowledge that gender cannot be a limitation for anyone to do what they want. Due to gender inequality in most of the countries, there will be people out there who have difficulties in doing what they want because of their gender, whether it is a male or a female. There may be someone who is hesitating to take action for their dream just because of gender. This phenomenon of people still locked up in their gender should stop in order for the whole world to develop. Fortunately, the world is changing and in fact, many perspectives towards gender equality have changed positively. I strongly believe that we have the responsibility to start changing and promoting gender equality for everyone. It will not be easily done and it will take a long period of time for the world to achieve gender equality. However, if we start one by one breaking the invisible wall of gender inequality, we can definitely make a better world for our future generations. There are many ways we can start promoting gender equality. For instance, making girls wear pants instead of skirts for uniforms, men even more helping housework at homes and start employing more women workers can be contributing to solve this problem. Thank you and I hope this cleared your enquiry.

  • 화연
    화연
    2021년 3월 23일 at 10:54 오전

    Hello, I am Hwayeon Ko from Group 1, and I would like to start off by saying that I really enjoyed listening to your presentation because I also believe that tackling gender inequality issues is very crucial to our society, and its improvement merely lies on the hands of the coming generations, which are us. However, there are some questions that I would like to hear your opinion from. Do you believe that our efforts in trying to reduce gender inequality could spark further polarization in society (e.g/ feminism is already a term that many people misinterpret or fail to see its core meaning), and if so, how should the coming generations solve this problem/misunderstanding? Furthermore, what kind of systems can be introduced in schools to create a gender-equal school atmosphere?

    • 예진
      홍예진
      2021년 3월 25일 at 11:47 오후

      Thank you so much for your kind feedback.
      First off, I feel very concerned about the fact that the term ‘feminism’ is sometimes misinterpreted in the society as a disgust towards men. My answer for your question is yes, I believe that there actually are possibilities of our endeavor for gender parity being distorted. In order to prevent these misinterpretations, I think we should keep showing that supporting gender equality is beneficial to both males and females. To add on, it will be important to protect the pure meaning of ‘feminism’ that it is defining and establishing equality of sexes in many fields, not objecting the rights of men.
      We should start putting efforts for gender parity before our next generations encounter these problems in the society. As changing the world’s perspectives towards gender equality takes a long time, it is necessary to make sure our future generations also continue to take action for a gender equal world. At schools, I believe gradually breaking the stereotypes of genders is extremely essential as the values of students tend to be highly influenced by their peers at that age. It will definitely help if students have an open-mind about gender when they are young since it may be difficult to change when grown-up.

  • 샬롯
    박규리
    2021년 3월 24일 at 3:11 오전

    Hello this is Kyu lee Park from TAT.
    You mentioned that there will be improved satisfaction significantly in life due to progressed gender equality, can you elaborate exactly how the residents of higher gender equal countries benefit from this? Also, may I know the reasons behind your choosing to show the GDP per capita graph for the nordics countries instead of other regions?

    • 예진
      홍예진
      2021년 3월 26일 at 11:28 오전

      Hello, thank you for your opinion on my research.
      Directly answering your question, when the rate of life satisfaction increases due to an improvement in gender equality, life expectancy is also likely to increase. Measure of life satisfaction will contribute as an indicator of living standards of a country. Countries having high life satisfaction of residents will mean that they have been performing well in providing health care, economic services and more to their residents. Countries having people who are happier will likely to have more motivated workers which may increase the productive capacity as well.
      The reason why I chose to show the GDP per capita graph for the Nordic countries is that those countries have the highest gender equality rate among the world. I thought it will be a reasonable data to show how Nordic countries can benefit by being more gender equal.
      Thank you and I hope my responses helped your understanding.

      • 황지원
        황지원
        2021년 3월 28일 at 8:50 오후

        Hello, this is TAT. Thank you for your comment. The report and your extra explanation made me fully understand!

  • 수빈
    박수빈
    2021년 3월 24일 at 11:50 오전

    안녕하세요 예진 님,

    그룹 6에서 아동 포르노 학대를 연구한 개인 참가자 박수빈이라고 합니다. 해당 성차별에 관한 예진 님의 분석과 해결 방향에 대한 저널은 개인적으로 매우 흥미로웠습니다. 코로나 19 상황 내 성차별에 대한 조사 역시 본 문제에 대한 심각성을 대변하는 적절한 연구였다고 생각합니다. 더불어 작성해주신 영국, 한국 등 개별 국가 간의 솔루션 분석을 통해 예진 님의 심도 높은 연구를 맛볼 수 있었습니다. 다만 성차별 문제에 대한 제시해주신 전략들은 다소 모호하고 추상적이라고 생각하는 바입니다. 만약 국제기구가 시행해야 할 구체적 정책 또는 해당 문제 인식을 위한 캠페인 활동이 있다면 그에 관해 부연 설명 부탁합니다. 더불어 이미 진행 중인 선례가 있다면 소개해 주시길 바랍니다.

    • 예진
      홍예진
      2021년 3월 28일 at 4:53 오후

      안녕하세요 수빈 님, 소중한 의견 감사드립니다.
      성차별 문제를 해결하기 위한 방법에는 여러가지가 있을 것 입니다. 그 중에서 제가 제출한 학교에서 아이들에게 정확히 교육하는 것이 중요하다고 생각합니다. 먼저 그 이유를 설명 해 드리자면, 학생들은 아직 가치관이 성립되지 않을 시기이고, 생각이 많을 시기 라고 생각합니다. 때문에 학생시기에 성평등 교육을 받고 성에 대한 인식이 열린 환경에서 친구들을 사귀고 배우고 하다 보면, 자연스레 성별에 관한 고정관념 등이 허물어질 것이라고 생각합니다. 학교에서 실천할 수 있는 방법 중 예를 들자면, 남녀 교복의 차이를 없애는 것 입니다. 일상생활에서 마주하던, 어쩌면 당연히 여겨지던 것들을 바꾸어 나가는 것 입니다. 또, 화장실 표지에 그려진 여성과 남성 그림을 바꾸는 것도 방법이라고 생각합니다. 실제로 몇몇 나라들에서는 이 방법을 실천 하는 중이라고 알고 있습니다. 이렇게 저희가 일상생활에서 보이고 듣는 평범했던 것들을 조금씩 바꾸어 나간다면, 점점 성별에 대한 차이를 줄일 수 있다고 믿습니다. 제 답변이 도움이 되었으면 좋겠습니다. 감사합니다.

  • 논
    요시야마논
    2021년 3월 26일 at 5:05 오후

    Hello. We are Keonguk student council team 1.
    Focusing on not only a country but also many countries was wonderful.
    Since we are living in Japan, the ratio of 5.3 made me realize that we should work hard to change the situation of gender inequality.
    Also, it is difficult to make gender equality come. Thus, we would love to know a solution that you could think of as an original. Thank you.

    • 예진
      홍예진
      2021년 3월 28일 at 7:48 오후

      Hi, thank you for your review.
      The solution for achieving gender equality is actually very broad in my opinion. It is not something we can easily change with only few people putting efforts. What I think that is one of the important parts of achieving gender equality is to let people realize gender parity is not only beneficial for women. Gender equality is actually providing advantages to men as well. The term ‘feminism’ is now sometimes misused as a term for hating men, but the real meaning of ‘feminism’ is the advocacy of women’s right on the ground of the equality of sexes. I believe the first step to take action for gender equality is to engage more men about gender and showing gender equality can make a better world for both female and male. Thank you.

  • Holla
    김희준
    2021년 3월 28일 at 1:23 오전

    Hello, I’m Kim Hee Jun, the mentor of Group 2.

    I thoroughly reviewed the presentation and the report you prepared. I was impressed by the comprehensive discussion of various related issues rather than focusing on “gender discrimination” itself. Gender inequality is a “cross-cutting issue,” and it is difficult to reach the essence without considering a whole range of related fields. So I think your approach was good.

    However, it is regrettable that the discussion is too superficial to present what you are trying to say.

    I’d like to hear from you about this.
    Thank you.

    • 예진
      홍예진
      2021년 3월 28일 at 8:31 오후

      Hello, it was meaningful to get a feedback from your side.
      For your question about my research, I included many resources that shows the seriousness of gender discrimination around the globe which can also increase the consciousness. By using graphs and data from different sites, I tried to bring about gender discrimination in many fields and the improvements in some countries. The main point I wanted to show in my research is the importance of achieving gender equality and the reason for that as well. I hope this answered your question. Thank you.

  • 냥~
    조성원
    2021년 3월 28일 at 7:28 오후

    안녕하세요 그룹 2에 포함되어 있는 조성원 학생이라고 합니다.
    여러가지 나라의 방대한 자료와 비교하며 통계로 인해 보여지는 성불평등에 놀랐습니다. 특히나 지금처럼 여성인권운동 과 같이 여성인권이 집중되기 위한 운동들이 많이 생겼음에도 아직은 불평등이 존재 한다는게 놀랍네요. 그러나 읽어보면서 마음에 걸린 통계가 있었는데, 실은 비슷한 주제의 다른 보고서에도 언급한 적이 있는데, 임금 격차에 의한 성 불평등에 관한 통계 입니다. 9페이지에 있는 한국에는 32.5프로의 임금 격차가 있다는 통계는 사실입니다. 그러나 그것이 성불평등으로 이어진다고 보기에는 통계의 오류가 있는 편이라 생각합니다. 왜냐하면 중요한것은 현상 그 자체보다, 그 현상이 일어나는 원인이기 때문입니다. 그런 방면에서 국가가 더 자유로워지고 남녀의 불평등이 없을 수록, 여성은 좀 더 양육과 위험 회피적이고 감정 표현적인 일들에 관심을 보였다면, 남성은 보다 경쟁적이고 위험 감수적이며 자기 극복적인 일들에 관심을 보인다는 연구 결과가 있습니다. 이러한 특성들 덕분에 남성은 더욱 위험한 직종에서 일하고, 과학, 기술 엔지니어링, 수학 분야에 일할 확률이 높아지게 됩니다. 그러한데 이러한 특수한 특성들을 포함시켜서 통계를 만든후 그 격차를 성불평등으로 보기는 힘들지 않나 싶습니다.

    • 예진
      홍예진
      2021년 3월 29일 at 12:00 오전

      안녕하세요 조성원 님, 저의 발표영상과 보고서에 대한 피드백 감사합니다.
      여성은 양육, 위험회피적, 그리고 감정 표현적인 일들에 관심을 보였고, 남서을 경쟁적이고 위험감수적, 그리고 자기 극복적인 일들에 관심을 보인다는 연구 결과가 있다고 하셨습니다. 하지만 저는 그 연구가 언제 나왔는지, 무엇에 중심을 두어 조사한 연구인지 더 밝혀 주시기 바랍니다. 시대는 변했고 조성원 님이 말씀 하신 원인과는 다르게 여성도 위험 감수적이며 자기 극복적인 일을 선택하는 시대 입니다. 조성원 님이 참고하신 연구가 예전의 사회 현상을 나타낼 수는 있어도 현재에도 그런 흐름이 적용 될지는 의문입니다. 아무리 남성가 육체적으로 여성보다 강하다고 한들, 감성적 등 개인의 선택에 따라 직업이 결정된다고 생각합니다.
      감사합니다.

  • sujk
    권수정
    2021년 3월 28일 at 9:27 오후

    Hi 예진. This is Jennifer Kwon from Seoul International School. I really liked your report and presentation in that it not only mentioned how gender equality would be beneficial in both social and economic means but also handled certain misconceptions on how gender equality is not only about women. You proposed that promoting more education about gender equality should be a necessity, but is there a specific policy or education system that you want to advocate? Thank you for the great presentation and report.

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