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이름 or 단체명

Tommy Park

출신 학교

St. Joan of Arc Catholic High School

SDGs 그룹

[Group 1] 1. 빈곤퇴치 2. 기아퇴치 3. 건강과 복지

포럼 주제/소주제

Eradicating Poverty

초록

SDGs : Group 1 - Eradicating Poverty

The reason why I chose eradicating poverty to be my topic is that I believe that this issue is something no one can fix at the moment. Furthermore, compared with my age I have experience and knowledge living in many different types of countries varying to a rich country like U.A.E to a developing country like Indonesia. I have also visited countries like Africa where the poverty rates are unusually high as well. So, I was interested in this topic through my experience and I`d like to find the method to help others which is a great passion of mine. I want to begin understanding how our world works and I believe that thinking about the problems of our world is a good start.

Throughout this material analysis and research, I have discovered many interesting statistics. However, the most shocking thing was the relation between high poverty rates and their life span. Obviously speaking, there is a relation between it, but I did not realize how much poverty will affect our lifespan. Countries with the lowest life span averaged around 30-50 years, and this made me realize how much of a problem poverty is.

Poverty is one of a huge problem going around the world for many years and it feels like everybody stopped talking about it and became the new norm because it`s not easy to find solution. As I researched this topic, the next step for our society is to reduce and eradicate poverty. Some strategies I came up with are increasing the minimum wage, adjusting immigration policies by advanced country, and to raise awareness of economic security programs for younger people. I would like to emphasize how important it is for everyone to realize that this is still a problem to this day and everyone needs to do their part in taking the next step for society to progress forward.

포럼발표
  • 화연
    화연
    2021년 3월 20일 at 9:39 오전

    Hello, my name is Hwayeon Ko and I also wrote a research paper about poverty eradication. I totally agree with you that poverty is immensely affecting millions of lives from all over the globe on a daily basis. You have pointed out that there is a clear connection between poverty and our life span. Based on the map you showed us in your presentation, the average life expectancy in African countries was drastically lower than any other regions in the world, which I believe to be an aspect that people should focus on and take a closer look at when it comes to poverty eradication. Among the three possible solutions you provided us with, which one do you think is the most suitable to mitigate poverty rates in African or underdeveloped counties?

    • Tommy
      Tommy Park
      2021년 3월 25일 at 4:39 오후

      In my presentation, I clearly stated that poverty is directly related to our life expectancy. This is due to the lack of human resources we can provide for countries under poverty. Thus, countries in Africa generally have a lower life span compared to other advanced countries because most of the continent is currently living under the poverty line. In order to combat poverty, the government plays a huge role in it. Generally speaking, the African governments lack data on how to treat their poor and to lift their country out of poverty. I believe what sets a developed and developing country apart is their economic prospects. Most of Africa lacks the capability and the knowledge to build systems that help reduce poverty, because they are still currently at their developing stage. Eradicating poverty in Africa will be a process that occurs over a long period of time. That is why I think that the first step to take when combating poverty in Africa is education on building their economy, or developing in general. I believe that if the african governments have the data and knowledge of running a solid economy, they can bring in resources to fulfill basic human needs.

  • Jacob
    황보준
    2021년 3월 20일 at 11:23 오전

    Thank you for your presentation! i just have a quick question about your presentation
    Would there be any problems adjusting immigrant policies in the advanced countries? could you share your ideas about this? thank You.

    • Tommy
      Tommy Park
      2021년 3월 25일 at 4:40 오후

      Yes. Unfortunately, if we are able to normalize the rate of immigration and adjust the policies to help ease immigration, research has proven that this will increase the overall poverty rate of that specific country. However, the reason why people migrate is because their current lives are in conditions where basic human resources are insufficient for their daily lives. I believe we need to give them the right to choose where they live and move to another country in hopes for a better life. With that being said, there are still many benefits for the country receiving the immigrants. To name just one, as more people arrive in the host country, they boost their economy by expanding their workforce. Of course, as more immigrants arrive in the host country, they should adjust their immigration laws and policies depending on their situation to prevent problems like overpopulation. This is why I believe that with some adjustments to the policies, both the immigrant as well as the host country can greatly benefit. In addition, the possible problems that may come with immigration can also be prevented by analyzing the situation and adjusting their laws accordingly.

  • Leo
    최문성
    2021년 3월 22일 at 12:06 오후

    Wait so which countries are you trying to help eradicate poverty? developing or the underdeveloped?

    • Tommy
      Tommy Park
      2021년 3월 25일 at 4:40 오후

      I am trying to eradicate poverty globally. However, logically speaking, minimizing poverty globally is a very challenging task to accomplish. Therefore, I want to give examples for the first steps towards the complete eradication of poverty. As we begin this task, it is important to prioritize the people in need. For example, if there is a choice between helping Canada or helping Kenya, the world needs to prioritize helping Kenya, as their poverty rates are significantly higher than its opposing country. With that being said, the people going through poverty in advanced countries can manage to get help from their country as they have the resources and knowledge to aid the people in need. The countries that need our help are going to be prioritized because they do not have the starting point that the other advanced countries do. To summarize, as we begin our first steps to global poverty eradication, underdeveloped countries will be our priority.

  • 수빈
    박수빈
    2021년 3월 23일 at 12:46 오후

    안녕하세요 토미 님,

    그룹 6에서 아동 포르노 학대를 연구한 개인 참가자 박수빈이라고 합니다. 빈곤율과 수명 사이의 상관 관계에 대한 토미 님의 조사는 매우 흥미로웠습니다. 빈곤 연구 분야에 대한 새로운 정보를 소개하므로써 다양한 지식을 얻을 수 있었습니다. 저소득 국가 주변의 빈곤에 초점을 맞춘 대다수와 달리, 다양한 국가에 대한 토미 님의 접근 방식도 상당히 인상적이고 설득력이 있었습니다. 하지만 본 저널에서 제안한 해결책이 사회에 과연 큰 영향을 미칠지에 대해선 의문이 들기도 합니다. 이미 미국과 한국을 비롯한 많은 국가에서 이러한 정책이 시행 되고 있으며, 과연 최저 임금, 이민 정책 등 해당 정책을 적용 후 빈곤 문제 해결에 결정적 영향을 끼쳤는지 에 대한 정확한 답변을 듣고 싶습니다. 토미 님의 주장을 뒷받침 할 수 있는 사례가 있다면 이 또한 소개해주시길 부탁드립니다.

    • Tommy
      Tommy Park
      2021년 3월 25일 at 4:42 오후

      You have stated that countries like Korea and the U.S have already applied some of these policies to help reduce poverty. Clearly, these two countries are arguably some of the most developed countries in the world. Although there is still around 15% of their population living under the poverty line, I believe that without these laws implemented, the situation would be much worse. In addition, the fact that many advanced countries already have these laws applied to their system is proof that this is a good step in combating poverty. I don’t think that it is a coincidence that some of the most advanced countries in the world are using these strategies to help reduce poverty. For example, Korea has increased their minimum wage from 6470 won per hour to 7530. In 2018, it indicated that the relative poverty rate has been the lowest ever since relevant data was collected since 2011. As I mentioned many times, poverty eradication is not something that will get solved with just one solution. However, there has been clear proof from the most advanced countries in the world that these laws will decrease poverty and we need to help the underdeveloped countries to begin implementing these laws when fighting poverty. If we can have clear proof that a certain solution helps fight poverty. I believe it is important to support each other and implement these laws globally.

  • 루피
    강기연
    2021년 3월 25일 at 12:23 오전

    Hello! You offered me a solution to raise the minimum wage, and I think the increase in the minimum wage could result in an increase in the number of unemployed people and finally increasing in the number of poor people. What do you think about this? And you talked about adjust immigrant policies. Can you give me a specific example of what kind of policy you need in what circumstances?

    • Tommy
      Tommy Park
      2021년 3월 25일 at 4:43 오후

      To every solution, there will always be the pros and cons behind it. If we know that the positives can outweigh the negatives, we can assume that it can improve our society. You said that raising the minimum wage will cause unemployment and increase poor people. Some reasons minimum wage may cause unemployment is because employers will have less incentive to hire because of the high price range. Partially, this is very true. However, the global average of minimum wage varies from 6$ to 7$ per hour. To put this into perspective, let’s say that a person that works minimum wage works 8 hours a day, full time. This means that this person will have no time to work on other activities they have in mind to expand their career. This means they will make around 48$ a day, and around #1488 a month. According to a study done in 2019, in between 15 major U.S states the average rent fee of a tiny one room apartment, it costs about $1216 and is rising to this day. After paying off their monthly rent, they will have about $272 to spend on basic human necessities such as food, water, and clothes just for survival. This is only taking account of what humans need to survive. They will not have enough income to cater to their psychology needs, safety needs and self esteem needs. If they have a family, it will be impossible to support them. They are basically working to mainly survive, and I don’t believe that this is a way a person should live. There will always be more to life than working to survive. In addition, minimum wage jobs are easily replaceable and a very unstable source of income. I understand the risks of possible unemployment if the minimum wage gets increased, but if it doesn’t many people all around the world will be living in a situation I just described. Finally, a 2019 congressional budget office reported a significant improvement in the standard of living for at least 17 million people. They estimate that if the minimum wage gets increased by $15 by 2025, 1.3 million people will be elevated from poverty. In this situation, I believe that the positive greatly outweighs the negative.

  • Tommy
    Tommy Park
    2021년 3월 25일 at 12:59 오후

    Question 1:

    In my presentation, I clearly stated that poverty is directly related to our life expectancy. This is due to the lack of human resources we can provide for countries under poverty. Thus, countries in Africa generally have a lower life span compared to other advanced countries because most of the continent is currently living under the poverty line. In order to combat poverty, the government plays a huge role in it. Generally speaking, the African governments lack data on how to treat their poor and to lift their country out of poverty. I believe what sets a developed and developing country apart is their economic prospects. Most of Africa lacks the capability and the knowledge to build systems that help reduce poverty, because they are still currently at their developing stage. Eradicating poverty in Africa will be a process that occurs over a long period of time. That is why I think that the first step to take when combating poverty in Africa is education on building their economy, or developing in general. I believe that if the african governments have the data and knowledge of running a solid economy, they can bring in resources to fulfill basic human needs.

    Question 2:

    Yes. Unfortunately, if we are able to normalize the rate of immigration and adjust the policies to help ease immigration, research has proven that this will increase the overall poverty rate of that specific country. However, the reason why people migrate is because their current lives are in conditions where basic human resources are insufficient for their daily lives. I believe we need to give them the right to choose where they live and move to another country in hopes for a better life. With that being said, there are still many benefits for the country receiving the immigrants. To name just one, as more people arrive in the host country, they boost their economy by expanding their workforce. Of course, as more immigrants arrive in the host country, they should adjust their immigration laws and policies depending on their situation to prevent problems like overpopulation. This is why I believe that with some adjustments to the policies, both the immigrant as well as the host country can greatly benefit. In addition, the possible problems that may come with immigration can also be prevented by analyzing the situation and adjusting their laws accordingly.

    Question 3:

    I am trying to eradicate poverty globally. However, logically speaking, minimizing poverty globally is a very challenging task to accomplish. Therefore, I want to give examples for the first steps towards the complete eradication of poverty. As we begin this task, it is important to prioritize the people in need. For example, if there is a choice between helping Canada or helping Kenya, the world needs to prioritize helping Kenya, as their poverty rates are significantly higher than its opposing country. With that being said, the people going through poverty in advanced countries can manage to get help from their country as they have the resources and knowledge to aid the people in need. The countries that need our help are going to be prioritized because they do not have the starting point that the other advanced countries do. To summarize, as we begin our first steps to global poverty eradication, underdeveloped countries will be our priority.

    Question 4:

    You have stated that countries like Korea and the U.S have already applied some of these policies to help reduce poverty. Clearly, these two countries are arguably some of the most developed countries in the world. Although there is still around 15% of their population living under the poverty line, I believe that without these laws implemented, the situation would be much worse. In addition, the fact that many advanced countries already have these laws applied to their system is proof that this is a good step in combating poverty. I don’t think that it is a coincidence that some of the most advanced countries in the world are using these strategies to help reduce poverty. For example, Korea has increased their minimum wage from 6470 won per hour to 7530. In 2018, it indicated that the relative poverty rate has been the lowest ever since relevant data was collected since 2011. As I mentioned many times, poverty eradication is not something that will get solved with just one solution. However, there has been clear proof from the most advanced countries in the world that these laws will decrease poverty and we need to help the underdeveloped countries to begin implementing these laws when fighting poverty. If we can have clear proof that a certain solution helps fight poverty. I believe it is important to support each other and implement these laws globally.

    Question 5:

    To every solution, there will always be the pros and cons behind it. If we know that the positives can outweigh the negatives, we can assume that it can improve our society. You said that raising the minimum wage will cause unemployment and increase poor people. Some reasons minimum wage may cause unemployment is because employers will have less incentive to hire because of the high price range. Partially, this is very true. However, the global average of minimum wage varies from 6$ to 7$ per hour. To put this into perspective, let’s say that a person that works minimum wage works 8 hours a day, full time. This means that this person will have no time to work on other activities they have in mind to expand their career. This means they will make around 48$ a day, and around #1488 a month. According to a study done in 2019, in between 15 major U.S states the average rent fee of a tiny one room apartment, it costs about $1216 and is rising to this day. After paying off their monthly rent, they will have about $272 to spend on basic human necessities such as food, water, and clothes just for survival. This is only taking account of what humans need to survive. They will not have enough income to cater to their psychology needs, safety needs and self esteem needs. If they have a family, it will be impossible to support them. They are basically working to mainly survive, and I don’t believe that this is a way a person should live. There will always be more to life than working to survive. In addition, minimum wage jobs are easily replaceable and a very unstable source of income. I understand the risks of possible unemployment if the minimum wage gets increased, but if it doesn’t many people all around the world will be living in a situation I just described. Finally, a 2019 congressional budget office reported a significant improvement in the standard of living for at least 17 million people. They estimate that if the minimum wage gets increased by $15 by 2025, 1.3 million people will be elevated from poverty. In this situation, I believe that the positive greatly outweighs the negative.

  • 초
    김초하
    2021년 3월 27일 at 10:24 오후

    I liked how you pointed out the reality that probably poverty would never go away. Despite that, I highly evaluated your efforts to still remove it.

  • harris
    Harris
    2021년 3월 28일 at 12:31 오후

    Hi, my name is Harris Park and I go to Ernest Manning High School in Canada. Your presentation on how poverty affects the world and solutions for it were very insightful. Your solutions were reasonable and backed up by strong pieces of evidence. I was able to gain much knowledge and new perspectives on ways to solve poverty. However, I have some concerns. Your solution of increasing the minimum wage solely relies on whether or not inflation can be overcome. Theoretically speaking, without considering inflation, increasing the minimum wage might help reduce poverty. However, if inflation occurs, the economy of the country would be in a state of complete turmoil and confusion. The wealth of employers would be reduced as they have to pay more money for labor expenses and it will prevent the poor from escaping poverty. Young and inexperienced workers would have a very difficult time looking for jobs and unemployment rates will drastically increase. The risks and side effects of increasing the minimum wage compared to the benefits it brings are too high. Inflation is not a simple problem and is very difficult to solve once it occurs. Do you have any solutions in mind that will prevent inflation and ensure that poverty is eliminated?

    • Tommy
      Tommy Park
      2021년 3월 29일 at 12:03 오후

      Yes, I agree. If we decide that a strategy is beneficial just solely by analyzing the positives of it, it will become a very harmful way to decide on crucial factors such as poverty. Just like you stated, the greatest downside of raising the minimum wage is the possible risk of inflation. If this occurs, it will only make the problem worse, and not solve it. I understand the risk of this strategy, but I believe that with enough economic security and complete government control, this is a risk worth taking when we try to take a step closer to poverty eradication. In addition, we have a lot of time in order to stop this global issue. This means that this plan does not have to be implemented globally right away. To be more specific, these laws can be implemented to a very few countries and the world will monitor the trends of their inflation. I understand the difficulty of maintaining a regular economy when the market grows rapidly. However, there are many different ways to counter this damaging effects. If I give an example, one of the strategy is to add ‘contractionary Monetary policy’.This policies goal is to reduce the money supply and increase interest rate. This will ultimately slow down the economy from rapid growth as well as encouraging saving instead of spending. In conclusion, I still believe that the minimum wage is too low for a person to live with all their rights. There needs to be a change even though there will be risks ahead.

  • 양서윤
    양서윤
    2021년 3월 28일 at 1:49 오후

    Hello Tommy Park! This is Seoyun from TAT dealing with same problem which is poverty. Great presentation and reports! I just have a question regarding it.
    Q. You have mentioned the minimum wage as one of the solutions for poverty eradication. Does the government have enough money for raising it? Also, I believe that there may be many protests from wealths as raising the minimum wage might be accomplished by raising the taxes from wealths, and this is well demonstrated in case of Korea. I want to ask your opinion about this.

    • Tommy
      Tommy Park
      2021년 3월 29일 at 12:15 오후

      Thank you for your question. In general, a government of a country will have multiple sources of income constantly flowing in. The government uses the income to decide on where to spend it. I understand that a developing country will prioritize increasing their economy and their prospects in order to develop. However, I believe that humans rights should be prioritized over anything and that everyone deserves to live with an opportunity. With the current average minimum wage, they are working to survive, not live. Although a government may not be able to afford a sudden increase in minimum wage, I think that allowing human rights to everyone should be a priority. Despite the fact that it may be risky, but if the minimum wage gets increased, there will be a boost in the economy for the countries that do no have that. To summarize, we should not blindly raise minimum wage, as the risks behind it are high. However, if handled properly, I believe this is a solution to poverty eradication.

  • Gloria
    최혜민
    2021년 3월 28일 at 10:53 오후

    Hello Mr Park, this is 최혜민 from ‘우리가 Green 그림’. I am greatly impressed by your presentation about the eradication of poverty. And this is a great chance for all youths around the world to open up our eyes on poverty issues. You have stated that raising the minimum wage would be a way of reducing poverty, even though it could result in inflation. However, as an economics student, this is a great risk for people in low-income as they would experience the rise in the price of the necessities such as milk and water, which might again increase the poverty rate because the necessities became unaffordable. Therefore, what I have noticed is that the consequences derived from raising the minimum wage might exacerbate the situation of poverty in a certain country, so I would like to ask whether you have solutions for these unexpected negative consequences.

    • Tommy
      Tommy Park
      2021년 3월 29일 at 12:24 오후

      Thank you for the question. Yes, as I mentioned many times in the past, the risk of minimum wage is very high. However, I believe that the result could also be high. If this isn’t handled properly, this policy could harm the people it was meant to help. Raising the minimum wage is a great step when eradicating poverty because many smaller policies will be implemented to support raising the minimum wage, There are policies like the contractionary monetary policy like I stated above that can support the minimum wage increase and to make sure inflation will be prevented. I think that if you cannot take risks, you cannot change the world. With many policies that help slow down the rapid growth in the economy, I truly believe that raising the minimum wage will be more beneficial than harmful.

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